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Strategic monitoring for the European Water Framework Directive

Ian J. Allan ; Branislav Vrana ; Richard Greenwood ; Graham A. Mills ; Jesper Knutsson (Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik) ; Arne Holmberg ; Nathalie Guigues ; Anne-Marie Fouillac ; Serena Laschi
TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry Vol. 25 (2006), 7, p. 704.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

This article first reviews the principal monitoring requirements of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) of the European Union (EU) and assesses how contaminant monitoring may fit into a risk-assessment approach. In this context, we show the limited ability of conventional trace-contaminant-monitoring methods to fulfil all of the WFD requirements. We then clearly define and exemplify the roles and the functions of a new set of monitoring tools, using three case studies based on datasets that we obtained during a field trial in the River Meuse as part of the Screening methods for Water data InFormaTion (SWIFT-WFD) project in support of implementing the WFD.

Nyckelord: Environmental monitoring, Passive sampling, Screen-printed electrode, Sensor, Water Framework Directive, Water quality, WFD



Denna post skapades 2009-03-06. Senast ändrad 2014-09-17.
CPL Pubid: 91201

 

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