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Using continuous and pulse experiments to compare two promising nickel-based oxygen carriers for use in chemical-looping technologies

Marcus Johansson (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi) ; Tobias Mattisson (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik) ; Anders Lyngfelt (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik) ; Alberto Abad (Institutionen för energi och miljö)
Fuel (0016-2361 ). Vol. 87 (2008), 6, p. 988-1001.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Chemical-looping technologies have obtained widespread recognition as power or hydrogen production units with inherent carbon capture in a future scenario where CO2 capture and storage (CCS) is reality. In this paper three different techniques are described; chemical-looping combustion and two categories of chemical-looping reforming. The three techniques are all based on oxygen carriers that are circulating between an air- and a fuel reactor, providing the fuel with undiluted oxygen. Two different oxygen carriers; NiO/NiAl2O4 (40/60 wt/wt) and NiO/MgAl2O4 (60/40 wt/wt) are compared. Both continuous and pulse experiments were performed in a batch laboratory fluidized bed working at 950 °C using methane as fuel. It was found that pulse experiments offer advantages in comparison to continuous experiments, particularly when evaluating suitable particles for autothermal chemical-looping reforming. Firstly, smaller conversion ranges can be investigated in more detail, and secondly, the onset and extent of carbon formation can be determined more accurately. Of the two oxygen carriers, NiO/MgAl2O4 offers several advantages at elevated temperatures, i.e. higher methane conversion, higher selectivity to reforming and lesser tendency for carbon formation.

Denna post skapades 2009-01-30. Senast ändrad 2016-08-19.
CPL Pubid: 89485


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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi (2005-2014)
Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik
Institutionen för energi och miljö



Chalmers infrastruktur