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Chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling for combustion of solid fuels

Tobias Mattisson (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik) ; Anders Lyngfelt (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik) ; Henrik Leion (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi)
International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control (1750-5836). Vol. 3 (2009), 1, p. 11-19.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling (CLOU) is a novel method to burn solid fuels in gas-phase oxygen without the need for an energy intensive air separation unit. The carbon dioxide from the combustion is inherently separated from the rest of the flue gases. CLOU is based on chemical-looping combustion (CLC) and involves three steps in two reactors, one air reactor where a metal oxide captures oxygen from the combustion air (step 1), and a fuel reactor where the metal oxide releases oxygen in the gas-phase (step 2) and where this gasphase oxygen reacts with a fuel (step 3). In other proposed schemes for using chemicallooping combustion of solid fuels there is a need for an intermediate gasification step of the char with steam or carbon dioxide to form reactive gaseous compounds which then react with the oxygen carrier particles. The gasification of char with H2O and CO2 is inherently slow, resulting in slow overall rates of reaction. This slow gasification is avoided in the proposed process, since there is no intermediate gasification step needed and the char reacts directly with gas-phase oxygen. The process demands an oxygen carrier which has the ability to react with the oxygen in the combustion air in the air reactor but which decomposes to a reduced metal oxide and gas-phase oxygen in the fuel reactor. Three metal oxide systems with suitable thermodynamic properties have been identified, and a thermal analysis has shown thatMn2O3/Mn3O4 and CuO/Cu2Ohave suitable thermodynamic properties, although Co3O4/CoO may also be a possibility. However, the latter system has the disadvantage of an overall endothermic reaction in the fuel reactor. Results from batch laboratory fluidized bed tests with CuO and a gaseous and solid fuel are presented. The reaction rate of petroleum coke is approximately a factor 50 higher using CLOU in comparison to the reaction rate of the same fuel with an iron-based oxygen carrier in normal CLC.

Nyckelord: CO2 capture, CLOU, CLC, Petroleum coke, Methane



Denna post skapades 2009-01-27. Senast ändrad 2017-10-03.
CPL Pubid: 89159

 

Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik (2005-2017)
Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi (2005-2014)

Ämnesområden

Kemisk energiteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur