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Fuel and Vehicle Technology Choices for Passenger Vehicles in Achieving Stringent CO2 Targets: Connections between Transportation and Other Energy Sectors

Maria Grahn (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori) ; Christian Azar (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori) ; Mats Williander (Institutionen för teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Management of Organizational Renewal and Entrepreneurship - MORE ) ; James E Anderson ; Sherry A Mueller ; Timothy J Wallington
Environmental Science and Technology (1382-3124). Vol. 43 (2009), 9, p. 3365-3371.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

The regionalized Global Energy Transition (GET-R 6.0) model has been modified to include a detailed description of light-duty vehicle options and used to investigate the potential impact of carbon capture and storage (CCS) and concentrating solar power (CSP) on cost-effective fuel/vehicle technologies in a carbon-constrained world. Total CO2 emissions were constrained to achieve stabilization at 400-550 ppm, by 2100, at lowest total system cost. The dominant fuel/vehicle technologies varied significantly depending on CO2 constraint, future cost of vehicle technologies, and availability of CCS and CSP. For many cases, no one technology dominated on a global scale. CCS provides relatively inexpensive low-CO2 electricity and heat which prolongs the use of traditional ICEVs. CSP displaces fossil fuel derived electricity, prolongs the use of traditional ICEVs, and promotes electrification of passenger vehicles. In all cases considered, CCS and CSP availability had a major impact on the lowest cost fuel/vehicle technologies, and alternative fuels are needed in response to expected dwindling oil and natural gas supply potential by the end of the century.

Nyckelord: Energy systems modeling, Personal transportation, CO2 reduction scenarios, CCS. CSP. Cost uncertainties. Batteries. Fuel cells.


Note that a corresponding Supporting Information is published online at the Journal Environmental Science and Technology, for a full set of Figures and deeper explanations.



Denna post skapades 2009-01-23. Senast ändrad 2016-08-15.
CPL Pubid: 88816

 

Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori
Institutionen för teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Management of Organizational Renewal and Entrepreneurship - MORE (2008-2016)

Ämnesområden

Optimeringslära, systemteori
Teknik och social förändring

Chalmers infrastruktur

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Cost-effective fuel and technology choices in the transportation sector in a future carbon constrained world: Results from the Global Energy Transition (GET) model