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The impact of severe nitrogen limitation and microaerobic conditions on extended continuous cultivations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with cell recirculation

Tomas Brandberg (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik) ; Lena Gustafsson (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik) ; Carl Johan Franzén (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Kemisk reaktionsteknik)
Enzyme and Microbial Technology (0141-0229). Vol. 40 (2007), 4, p. 585-593.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Continuous cultivations of Sacchaivinyces certvisiae ATCC 96581 with severe nitrogen limitation (C/N ratios 200 and 400g g(-1)) and cell recirculation were carried out under anaerobic and microaerobic conditions for more than 300h. With a dilution rate of 0.06 h(-1) and 90% recirculation in combination with an estimated 70% biomass sedimentation rate in the bleed flow, specific growth rates of 0.002-0.006 h(-1) were obtained. Under these conditions, ethanol yields of 0.46-0.48g g(-1) were achieved. The biomass yields on ATP were only 1.6-2.9gmol(-1), indicating metabolic uncoupling or high maintenance energy requirements. Viability levels, measured by FUNO staining and fluorescence microscopy, usually varied between 100 and 80%. However, under anaerobic conditions at C/N ratio 400, a reproducible drop to 25 % viability occurred between 250 and 300h of fermentation, after which the culture recovered again. Under anaerobic conditions, an increase in the C/N ratio from 200 to 400 resulted in a three-fold higher specific glycerol production, in spite of lower biomass formation and lower cellular protein and RNA content. A low oxygen addition eliminated the large drop in viability and the increased glycerol production observed at C/N 400, and caused viability and glycerol levels similar to the anaerobic C/N 200 case. A S. certvisiae W303-1A gpdI Delta gpd2 Delta mutant, completely deficient in glycerol production, could ferment a nitrogen-limited medium under RQ-controlled microaerobic conditions with an ethanol yield of 0.45 g g(-1), indicating that the increased glycerol production under nitrogen limitation is not necessary, as long as there is sufficient oxygen transferred to the culture. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All fights reserved.

Nyckelord: yeast cell recycle, fuel ethanol production, glycerol and byproduct, formation, gpd1 Delta gpd2 Delta mutant, oxygen limitation, growth, energetics, CONTINUOUS ETHANOL-PRODUCTION, FERMENTATIVE CAPACITY, LIMITING, CONDITIONS, CHEMOSTAT CULTURES, GLYCEROL FORMATION, CARBON STARVATION, PRODUCT FORMATION, WOOD HYDROLYSATE, BAKERS-YEAST, GROWTH



Denna post skapades 2008-12-10. Senast ändrad 2014-09-02.
CPL Pubid: 80973

 

Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik (2005-2014)
Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Kemisk reaktionsteknik (2005-2014)

Ämnesområden

Kemiteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur