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Enthalpy-entropy compensation: A phantom or something useful?

Evgeni B. Starikov ; Bengt Nordén (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Fysikalisk kemi)
Journal of Physical Chemistry B (1520-6106). Vol. 111 (2007), 51, p. 14431-14435.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

In various chemical systems enthalpy-entropy compensation (EEC) is a well-known rule of behavior, although the physical roots of it are still not completely understood. It has been frequently questioned whether EEC is a truly physical phenomenon or a coincidence due to trivial mathematical connections between statistical-mechanical parameters or even simpler, a phantom effect resulting from the misinterpretation of experimental data. Here, we review EEC from a new standpoint and conclude that it may be rationalized in terms of hidden but physically real factors implying a Carnot-cycle model in which a micro-phase transition (MPT) plays a crucial role. Examples of such MPTs underlying physically valid EEC should be typically cooperative processes in supramolecular aggregates, like changes of structured water at hydrophobic surfaces, conformational transitions upon ligand-biopolymer binding, and so forth. The MPT notion could help rationalize the occurrence of EEC in connection with hydration and folding of proteins, functioning of molecular motors, and similar phenomena.

Nyckelord: THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES, HIERARCHICAL TREE, MICELLAR SYSTEMS, MODEL, BINDING, CHROMATOGRAPHY, EQUILIBRIUM, TRANSITION, EFFICIENCY, RETENTION



Denna post skapades 2008-12-10.
CPL Pubid: 80895

 

Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Fysikalisk kemi (2005-2014)

Ämnesområden

Kemiteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur