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Analyses of the grouting results for a section of the APSE tunnel at Äspö Hard Rock Laboratory

Lisa Hernqvist (Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Geologi och geoteknik) ; Åsa Fransson (Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Geologi och geoteknik) ; Gunnar Gustafson (Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Geologi och geoteknik) ; Ann Emmelin ; Magnus Eriksson ; Håkan Stille
International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences Vol. 46 (2008), 3, p. 439-449.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Abstract The grouting results for a tunnel at a depth of 450 m in crystalline rock at Äspö HRL were studied. The aims were to investigate whether the methodology used resulted in a successful grouting design and producing a sufficiently dry tunnel, and whether grout penetration and inflow into the finished tunnel corresponded to the predictions. An analysis was made of data from an original cored borehole, drilled before the tunnel was constructed and mapped thoroughly with regard to fractures and transmissivities. The predicted inflow into the tunnel was calculated and found to be four times higher than the measured inflow. The latter was 5 l/min along the 70 m tunnel, considered to be a good result at the current depth. New cored control boreholes were drilled along a section of the tunnel. The inflow positions and quantities in these holes, and the positions of grout found in the corresponding cores, were compared with the data from the original borehole. It was found that at the predicted positions of larger fractures, grout was observed and there was no inflow, showing that these had been successfully sealed. At the predicted positions of small fractures, no grout was visible in the cores, and small inflows showed that the grout had not sealed these fractures. The results indicated that cement-based grout successfully sealed fractures down to a hydraulic aperture of about 50 μm but not below 30 μm. This concurs with the initial design aimed at sealing fractures larger than 50 μm.

Nyckelord: Fractures, Fractured rock, Hydraulic aperture, Grouting, Grout penetration, Inflow

Denna post skapades 2008-11-13. Senast ändrad 2010-02-26.
CPL Pubid: 77839


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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Geologi och geoteknik (2005-2017)



Chalmers infrastruktur

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Tunnel Grouting: Engineering Methods for Characterization of Fracture Systems in Hard Rock and Implications for Tunnel Inflow