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Phosphorous in ash from co-combustion of municipal sewage sludge with wood in a CFB boiler: a comparison of experimental data with predictions by a thermodynamic equilibrium model

Anna-Lena Elled ; Lars-Erik Åmand (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik) ; Bengt-Åke Andersson ; Bo Leckner (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik)
In Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion--FBC2005 held in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, May 22-25, 2005 Vol. 18 (2005), p. FBC2005-78072.
[Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat]

Combustion tests have been carried out in a circulating fluidised bed (CFB) boiler co-firing wood and municipal, digested and mechanical dewatered sewage sludge from two Swedish wastewater treatment plants, using either iron sulphate or aluminium sulphate as precipitating chemicals. Experimental data on the concentration of various phosphorous compounds in the ashes are compared with theoretical equilibrium predictions. A clear relationship is not found between the employed precipitation chemical and the formation of phosphorous compounds in the ash. Hematite (Fe2O3(s)) is predicted to be the stable iron compound, and even in the sludge precipitated by iron sulphate, the aluminium content is sufficient to form aluminium phosphate (AlPO4(s)) in similar amounts as in the sludge precipitated by aluminium sulphate. Lime addition to the bed gives a decreased formation of AlPO4(s) in favour of calcium orthophosphate (Ca3(PO4)2(s)), which interferes with the sulphur capture efficiency of lime.

Nyckelord: Combustion, phosphorous, equilibrium, sewage sludge


The 18th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion, FBC2005, was held in May 22-25 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The proccedings were published electronically (on a CD) by the American Socitey of Mechanical Engineers, (ASME). The conference was sponsored by ASME, CANMET Energy Technology Centre-Ottawa (CETC-Ottawa), Alstom Power Inc, Austrian Energy and Environment AG and Greenfield Research. Lufei Jia from CETC-Ottawa was the Conference Chairman.



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Denna post skapades 2006-08-25. Senast ändrad 2016-08-15.
CPL Pubid: 7069

 

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