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Sorption of trivalent plutonium onto UO2 and the effect of the solid phase on the Pu oxidation state

Mattias Olsson (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi) ; Henrik Glänneskog (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi) ; Hans Nilsson (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi) ; Anna-Maria Jakobsson (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi) ; Yngve Albinsson (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi)
Radiochimica Acta Vol. 93 (2005), p. 341-346.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

A problem with plutonium in sorption studies is its tendency to occur in a mix of oxidation states. This work was a study of the sorption of plutonium on the solid phase UO2 – in a perchlorate medium as a function of pH – where plutonium is kept in its trivalent oxidation state. Experiments also showed that uranium(IV) oxide can reduce Pu(IV) to Pu(III) in an acidic solution and maintain it in that state. It was observed at the same time that the chemically inert solid phases TiO2 and ThO2 possibly increase the rate of disproportionation of Pu(IV) at a pH of about 0.5. In accordance with previous studies MnO2 was found to have an oxidizing effect, converting Pu(IV) into Pu(VI). A comparison is made between the sorption of Th(IV), Pu(III) and Co(II) on UO2 and TiO2, and Pu(VI) on TiO2.

Nyckelord: Plutonium, Sorption, Oxidation states, Uranium oxide, Spectrophotometry



Denna post skapades 2006-09-12.
CPL Pubid: 5326

 

Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Kärnkemi (2005-2014)

Ämnesområden

Kemi
Miljöteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur