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Electric and magnetic losses modeled by a stable hybrid with explicit-implicit time-stepping for Maxwell's equations

Tomas Halleröd (Institutionen för signaler och system, Signalbehandling) ; Thomas Rylander (Institutionen för signaler och system, Signalbehandling)
Journal of Computational Physics (0021-9991). Vol. 227 (2008), 9, p. 4499-4511.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

A stable hybridization of the finite-element method (FEM) and the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) scheme for Maxwell's equations that allows for electric and magnetic losses is presented for two-dimensional problems. It combines the flexibility of the FEM with the efficiency of the FDTD scheme. The electric and magnetic losses are treated by the FEM on an unstructured mesh, which allows for local mesh refinement in order to resolve rapid variations in the material parameters and/or the electromagnetic field. The hybrid method is based directly on Ampère's and Faraday's law and it is stable up to the Courant stability limit of the FDTD method. The hybrid method shows second order convergence for smooth scatterers. The bistatic radar cross section (RCS) for a circular metal cylinder with a lossy coating converges to the analytical solution and an accuracy of 2% is achieved for about 20 points per wavelength. The monostatic RCS for an airfoil that features sharp corners yields a lower order of convergence and it is found to agree well with what can be expected for singular fields at the sharp corners. A careful convergence study with resolutions from 20 to 140 points per wavelength provides accurate extrapolated results for this non-trivial test case, which makes it possible to use as a reference problem for scattering codes that model both electric and magnetic losses.

Nyckelord: Airfoil; Explicit-implicit time-stepping; Finite-difference time-domain; Finite-element method; Lossy coating; Magnetic losses; Radar absorbing material; Radar cross section; Scattering



Denna post skapades 2007-08-30. Senast ändrad 2016-07-22.
CPL Pubid: 46195

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för signaler och system, Signalbehandling

Ämnesområden

Tillämpad matematik
Elektroteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur