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Increased expression of aquaporin 3 in atopic eczema.

Maja Olsson ; Ann Broberg ; Margareta Jernås ; Lena M S Carlsson ; Mats Rudemo (Institutionen för matematiska vetenskaper, matematisk statistik) ; Mark Suurküla ; Per-Arne Svensson ; Mikael Benson
Allergy (0105-4538). Vol. 61 (2006), 9, p. 1132-7.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

BACKGROUND: Dry skin in atopic eczema depends on increased water loss. The mechanisms behind this are poorly understood. The aim of this work was to identify genes that may contribute to water loss in eczema. METHODS: Affymetrix DNA microarrays U133A were used to analyse gene expression in skin biopsies from 10 patients with atopic eczema and 10 healthy controls. RESULTS: DNA microarray analysis showed up-regulation of 262 genes and down-regulation of 129 genes in atopic eczema. The known functions of these genes were analysed using Gene Ontology to identify genes that could contribute to increased water loss. This led to identification of aquaporin 3 (AQP3), which has a key role in hydrating healthy epidermis. Increased expression of AQP3 was found in eczema compared with healthy skin. This was confirmed with real-time polymerase chain reaction (P<0.001). In healthy skin, epidermal AQP3 immunoreactivity was weak and mainly found in the stratum basale. A gradient was formed with decreasing AQP3 staining in the lower layers of the stratum spinosum. By contrast, in acute and chronic atopic eczema strong AQP3 staining was found in both the stratum basale and the stratum spinosum. CONCLUSIONS: Aquaporin 3 is the predominant aquaporin in human skin. Increased expression and altered cellular distribution of AQP3 is found in eczema and this may contribute to water loss.

Denna post skapades 2007-01-12. Senast ändrad 2011-01-20.
CPL Pubid: 36068


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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, sektionen för kvinnors och barns hälsa (GU)
Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, sektionen för hud, plastik och öron (2006-2009)
Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för molekylär och klinisk medicin (GU)
Institutionen för matematiska vetenskaper, matematisk statistik (2005-2016)
Institutionen för biomedicin, avdelningen för patologi (GU)
Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och hälsa (GU)



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