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Rhizopus oligosporus and yeast co-cultivation during barley tempeh fermentation-Nutritional impact and real-time PCR quantification of fungal growth dynamics

Xin Mei Feng ; Volkmar Passoth ; Charlotte Eklund-Jonsson (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap) ; Marie Alminger (Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap) ; Johan Schnurer
Food Microbiology (0740-0020). Vol. 24 (2007), 4, p. 393-402.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Barley tempeh was produced by fermenting barley kernels with Rhizopus oligosporus. The potential of the yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae (three strains), S. boulardii (one strain), Pichia anomala (one strain) and Kluyveromyces lactis (one strain) to grow together with R. oligosporus during barley tempeh fermentation was evaluated. All yeast strains grew during the fermentation and even during cold storage of tempeh (P < 0.01). The growth of yeasts slightly increased the ergosterol contents, but did not influence amino acid contents and compositions, and did not reduce phytate contents. Slight increases of vitamins B-6 and niacinamide, and slight decreases of B, and biotin were observed. Quantification of fungal growth is difficult during mixed species fermentations because ergosterol is found in all fungal species, and colony-forming-unit (cfu) estimations are not reliable for R. oligosporus and other sporulating fungi. Therefore, we developed a quantitative real-time PCR method for individually quantifying S. cerevisiae and R. oligosporus growth in barley tempeh. The PCR results were highly correlated with the ergosterol content of R. oligosporus and with the number of cfu of S. cerevisiae. Thus, real-time PCR is a rapid and selective method to quantify yeasts and R. oligosporus during mixed species fermentation of inhomogenous substrate such as barley tempeh.



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Denna post skapades 2007-01-17. Senast ändrad 2015-09-04.
CPL Pubid: 25729

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi- och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap (2005-2014)

Ämnesområden

Livsvetenskaper
Biokemisk och bioteknisk processteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur