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Shippers’ opportunities to increase load factor: managing imbalances between required and available capacity

Sara Rogerson (Institutionen för teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Supply and Operations Management ) ; Vendela Santén (Institutionen för teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Service Management and Logistics)
International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications (1367-5567). Vol. 20 (2017), 6, p. 581-603.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Improving load factor is relevant for shippers due to its potential in reducing both transport costs and emissions. The purpose is to structure shippers’ opportunities to increase load factor according to required and available capacity. A framework is developed from literature, and in-depth understanding is provided by three cases, with data mainly collected through semi-structured interviews. Shippers’ opportunities to increase load factor are structured per decreasing, increasing, or reallocating required or available capacity. Required capacity can be changed by adjusting number of items, item characteristics, and how items are combined. Available capacity can be changed by adjusting number and type of units. Changes that improved load factor are described in detail for each case. Load factor is calculated for the packaging and shipping levels. An approach that logistics managers can apply to identify opportunities relevant to their situations is presented. Findings are relevant to researchers within transport efficiency and green logistics.

Nyckelord: Load factor; shipper; opportunities; transport efficiency; green logistics



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Denna post skapades 2017-10-17. Senast ändrad 2017-11-24.
CPL Pubid: 252571

 

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