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Validation of PANS and active flow control for a generic truck cabin

Guglielmo Minelli (Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Strömningslära) ; Erwin Hartono (Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Strömningslära) ; Valery Chernoray (Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Strömningslära) ; Linus Hjelm ; Branislav Basara (Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Strömningslära) ; Sinisa Krajnovic (Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Strömningslära)
Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics (0167-6105). Vol. 171 (2017), p. 148-160.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

This paper presents a drag reduction study using active flow control (AFC) on a generic bluff body. The model consists of a simplified truck cabin, characterized by sharp edge separation on top and bottom edges and pressure induced separation on the two other rounded vertical front corners. The pressure induced separation reproduces the flow detachment occurring at the front A-pillar of a real truck (Schuetz, 2015). The prediction of the flow field by partially averaged Navier-Stokes (PANS) simulations, conducted on a relatively coarse mesh, is validated against wind tunnel data (pressure measurements and particle image velocimetry (PIV)) and resolved large eddy simulations (LES) data. The Reynolds number for both simulations and experiments is Re=5×10^5 (which corresponds to 1/6 of a full scale truck Re) based on the inlet velocity Uinf and the width of the model W=0.4m. A validation of PANS results is followed by a CFD study on the actuation frequency that minimizes the aerodynamic drag and suppresses the side recirculation bubbles. PANS accurately predicts the flow field measured in experiments and predicted by a resolved LES. The side recirculation bubble of a simplified truck cabin model is suppressed almost completely and a notable drag reduction by means of AFC is observed.

Nyckelord: Partially averaged Navier-Stokes; PANS; Large eddy simulation; LES; Experiments; Active flow control; AFC; Proper orthogonal decomposition; POD; Truck; Drag reduction; Vehicle aerodynamics

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Denna post skapades 2017-10-17. Senast ändrad 2018-01-15.
CPL Pubid: 252557


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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Strömningslära (2005-2017)


Hållbar utveckling

Chalmers infrastruktur

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Active Flow Control for Reducing Drag on Trucks: from Concept to Full Scale Testing