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Structural, Spectroscopic, and Electrochemical Characterization of Semi-Conducting, Solvated [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2·(DMF)2 and Non-Solvated [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2

J. Lu ; A. Nafady ; B.F. Abrahams ; Muhammad Abdulhamid (Institutionen för fysik, Kondenserade materiens fysik (Chalmers)) ; B. Winther-Jensen ; A.M. Bond ; L.L. Martin
Australian Journal of Chemistry (0004-9425). Vol. 70 (2017), 9, p. 997-1005.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

© 2017 CSIRO. The demand for catalysts that are highly active and stable for electron-transfer reactions has been boosted by the discovery that [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQF4)2 (TCNQF4≤2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane) is an efficient catalyst. In this work, we prepare and characterize the two related [Pt(NH3)4] 2+ complexes, [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2·(DMF)2 (1) and [Pt(NH3)4] (TCNQ)2 (2). Reaction of [Pt(NH3)4](NO3)2 with LiTCNQ in a mixed solvent (methanol/dimethylformamide, 4:1v/v) gives [Pt(NH3)4] (TCNQ)2·(DMF)2 (1), whereas the same reaction in water affords [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQ)2 (2). 2 has been previously reported. Both 1 and 2 have now been characterized by single-crystal X-ray crystallography, Fourier-transform (FT)IR, Raman and UV-vis spectroscopy, and electrochemistry. Structurally, in 1, the TCNQ1-anions form infinite stacks with a separation between adjacent anions within the stack alternating between 3.12 and 3.42Å. The solvated structure 1 differs from the non-solvated form 2 in that pairs of TCNQ1-anions are clearly displaced from each other. The conductivities of pressed pellets of 1 and 2 are both in the semi-conducting range at room temperature. 2 can be electrochemically synthesized by reduction of a TCNQ-modified electrode in contact with an aqueous solution of [Pt(NH3)4] (NO3)2 via a nucleation growth mechanism. Interestingly, we discovered that 1 and 2 are not catalysts for the ferricyanide and thiosulfate reaction. Li+ and tetraalkylammonium salts of TCNQ1-/2-and TCNQF41-/2-were tested for potential catalytic activity towards ferricyanide and thiosulfate. Only TCNQF41-/2-salts were active, suggesting that the dianion redox level needs to be accessible for efficient catalytic activity and explaining why 1 and 2 are not good catalysts. Importantly, the origin of the catalytic activity of the highly active [Pt(NH3)4](TCNQF4)2 catalyst is now understood, enabling other families of catalysts to be developed for important electron-transfer reactions.

Nyckelord: Free-Radical Salts, Solid Phase-Transformation, Redox Cycling Experiments, Charge-Transfer Complexes, Crystal-Structures, Electrical-Properties, TCNQ Microcrystals, Mechanistic Aspects, Magnetic-Properties, Nucleation-Growth

Denna post skapades 2017-09-14.
CPL Pubid: 251921


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