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MALDI imaging delineates hippocampal glycosphingolipid changes associated with neurotoxin induced proteopathy following neonatal BMAA exposure

O. Karlsson ; W. Michno ; Y. Ransome ; Jörg Hanrieder (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Analytisk kemi ; Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi)
Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta-Proteins and Proteomics (1570-9639). Vol. 1865 (2017), 7, p. 740-746.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

The environmental toxin S-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) has been proposed to contribute to neurodegenerative diseases. We have previously shown that neonatal exposure to BMAA results in dose-dependent cognitive impairments, proteomic alterations and progressive neurodegeneration in the hippocampus of adult rats. A high BMAA dose (460 mg/kg) also induced intracellular fibril formation, increased protein ubiquitination and enrichment of proteins important for lipid transport and metabolism. The aim of this study was therefore to elucidate the role of neuronal lipids in BMAA-induced neurodegeneration. By using matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI IMS), we characterized the spatial lipid profile in the hippocampus of six month-old rats that were treated neonatally (postnatal days 9-10) with 460 mg/kg BMAA. Multivariate statistical analysis revealed long-term changes in distinct ganglioside species (GM, GD, GT) in the dentate gyrus. These changes could be a consequence of direct effects on ganglioside biosynthesis through the b-series (GM3-GD3-GD2-GD1b-GT1b) and may be linked to astrogliosis. Complementary immunohistochemistry experiments towards GFAP and sloop further verified the role of increased astrocyte activity in BMAA-induced brain damage. This highlights the potential of imaging MS for probing chemical changes associated with neuropathological mechanisms in situ. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: MALDI Imaging, edited by Dr. Corinna Henkel and Prof. Peter Hoffmann. (

Nyckelord: Imaging mass spectrometry, Beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA), Environmental toxin, Protein



Denna post skapades 2017-08-14.
CPL Pubid: 251118

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Analytisk kemi
Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för psykiatri och neurokemi (GU)

Ämnesområden

Miljötoxikologi
Biokemi

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