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Compressed Sensing for the Detection and Positioning of Dielectric Objects Inside Metal Enclosures by Means of Microwave Measurements

Johan Winges (Institutionen för signaler och system, Signalbehandling) ; Livia Cerullo (Institutionen för signaler och system, Signalbehandling) ; Thomas Rylander (Institutionen för signaler och system, Signalbehandling) ; Tomas McKelvey (Institutionen för signaler och system, Signalbehandling) ; Mats Viberg (Institutionen för signaler och system, Signalbehandling)
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques (0018-9480). Vol. PP (2017), 99, p. 1-15.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Based on compressed sensing and microwave measurements, we present a procedure for the detection and positioning of dielectric objects inside a metal enclosure, where the number of objects is unknown but assumed to be limited. The formulation features a convex quadratic optimization problem with 1-norm regularization, which allows for rapid detection and positioning given a precomputed dictionary. The dictionary consists of the scattering parameters computed from a single scattering object placed at the grid points of a structured grid that covers the entire measurement region. We test our method experimentally in a microwave measurement system that features a measurement region with a diameter of 11.6 cm. The measurement region is encircled by six aperture antennas, where each aperture is the end-opening of a rectangular waveguide operated from 2.7 to 4.2 GHz. We use acrylic-glass cylinders of radius 5.2 mm as scatterers and find that the compressed sensing method can correctly detect at least up to five scatterers with an average positioning accuracy of 3 mm. In addition, we investigate the performance of the method with respect to scarcity of data, where we omit scattering parameters or frequency points.

Nyckelord: Microwave measurement, Metals, Scattering, Compressed sensing, Dielectrics, Permittivity measurement

Denna post skapades 2017-06-27.
CPL Pubid: 250126


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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för signaler och system, Signalbehandling (1900-2017)


Elektroteknik och elektronik

Chalmers infrastruktur

C3SE/SNIC (Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering)