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Microstructure and mechanical properties of two Z-phase strengthened 12%Cr martensitic steels: the effects of Cu and C

Masoud Rashidi (Institutionen för fysik, Materialens mikrostruktur (Chalmers)) ; Lennart Johansson ; Hans-Olof Andrén (Institutionen för fysik, Materialens mikrostruktur (Chalmers)) ; Fang Liu (Institutionen för industri- och materialvetenskap, Material- och tillverkningsteknik)
Materials Science & Engineering: A (0921-5093). Vol. 694 (2017), p. 57-65.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Z-phase strengthened 12% Cr steels are designed to combine good corrosion and creep resistance for applications in fossil fuel power plants with steam temperatures up to 650 °C. Two trial Z-phase strengthened steels were investigated, Z-steel with ultra-low C content, and ZCuC-steel with relatively high C content and Cu addition. The Z-steel has better creep strength; however, the alloy has low impact toughness due to the formation of continuous Laves-phase films at grain boundaries. Atom probe tomography, transmission electron microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy were employed to study the effects of C and Cu on the microstructure of the two steels in the as-tempered condition, and after ageing for different times. The Z-steel shows a fast transformation from TaN to Z-phase. The relatively high C content in the ZCuC-steel resulted in the formation of two categories of MX: Ta(C, N) and TaN. The phase transformation from Ta(C, N) to Z-phase is slower compared to that from TaN to Z-phase. In addition, precipitation of M23C6 and Cu particles in the ZCuC-steel led to easier nucleation of Laves-phase, and hence a much improved toughness.

Nyckelord: Creep; Impact toughness; Electron microscopy; Atom probe tomography; Precipitation; Laves-phase

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Denna post skapades 2017-06-08. Senast ändrad 2017-07-12.
CPL Pubid: 249621


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