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Work as done? Understanding the practice of sociotechnical work in the maritime domain

Linda de Vries (Institutionen för produkt- och produktionsutveckling, Design and Human Factors)
Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making (1555-3434). p. 1-26. (2017)
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Pilots and Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) operators work to improve the safety of navigation of seagoing vessels. As in many other safety-critical domains, work is increasingly characterised by the integration and dissemination of information between humans and technology, across disciplines and over multiple geographical locations. Empirical studies of navigational assistance were analysed using the Functional Resonance Analysis Method (FRAM) in order to understand what pilots and VTS operators do and how it contributes towards maritime safety. Successful assistance was found to be dependent on: (i) the use of local knowledge, preparation and foresight to integrate information from a wide range of sources, and; (ii) communication and trust between the pilot, VTS operator, and the master and crew of the vessel, to provide timely assistance to vessels. FRAM was found to be a valuable tool for describing sociotechnical work, but was enriched by borrowing from ethnographically-inspired work studies traditions, with their strong grounding in empirical studies and themes of 'making work visible', symmetry between human/non-human, and work as activity. This approach indicates that bringing ideas from different traditions together to understand a real work practice may bring us closer to describing 'work as done', and its contribution

Nyckelord: sociotechnical systems, safety, Functional Resonance Analysis Method (FRAM), Resilience Enginnering, pilotage, vessel traffic services (VTS), 'work as done'


Full published article can be found at: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1555343417707664



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Denna post skapades 2017-05-19. Senast ändrad 2017-06-01.
CPL Pubid: 249425

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för produkt- och produktionsutveckling, Design and Human Factors (2008-2017)

Ämnesområden

Informations- och kommunikationsteknik
Transport
Hållbar utveckling
Arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi

Chalmers infrastruktur