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From experiments with images to 3D models

Henrike Häbel (Institutionen för matematiska vetenskaper, Tillämpad matematik och statistik)
Gothenburg : Chalmers University of Technology, 2017. ISBN: 978-91-7597-569-6.
[Doktorsavhandling]

For developing the next generation sustainable materials, it is often crucial to understand and control their properties and function. This work presents cross-disciplinary research starting with experimentally fabricated porous soft biomaterials and images of their micro-structure obtained by electron or laser microscopy. It is investigated how much information on the three-dimensional material structure can be extracted from two-dimensional images and how conclusions compare to three-dimensional image analysis. Based on the image data, spatial statistical models are constructed and fitted to two different materials: a colloidal nanoparticle gel and a porous polymer blended film. Colloidal systems are everywhere in our everyday life and of high interest for the development of new advanced materials. Polymer films are popular for pharmaceutical coatings which control the release of a drug to obtain important therapeutic benefits.

Besides presenting image analysis routines, three-dimensional finite Gibbs point processes with inhomogeneous and anisotropic pair-potential functions are introduced. Observed point patterns are formed by silica particle positions or pore branching points located at intersections of at least three pore channels. Due to physical chemical forces between particles and polymers, it is assumed that the points interact with each other. The pairwise interaction is described in the pair-potential function of a Gibbs process. In this way, there is a link between static Gibbs point process models and dynamic physical chemical processes like colloidal particle aggregation and polymer phase separation. Furthermore, a new spatial statistical summary function is suggested for the cluster size analysis on different length scales in aggregated structures. This function is a useful tool for comparing two regimes for particle aggregation resulting in different size and shape distributions of particle clusters. More precisely, it is used to study the diffusion limited and the reaction limited cluster aggregation.

The methods introduced in this work can be applied to point processes in general and are important contributions to the point process literature. The results are useful for setting up a virtual design framework for the study of properties of various materials, which may not yet have even been synthesized, in simulation studies instead of experiments involving valuable resources.

Nyckelord: colloidal particle aggregation,Anisotropy, mass transport, image analysis, Gibbs point processes, porous polymer blended films



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Denna post skapades 2017-05-17. Senast ändrad 2017-05-17.
CPL Pubid: 249364

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för matematiska vetenskaper, Tillämpad matematik och statistikInstitutionen för matematiska vetenskaper, Tillämpad matematik och statistik (GU)

Ämnesområden

Materialvetenskap
Hållbar utveckling
Sannolikhetsteori och statistik
Fysikalisk kemi

Chalmers infrastruktur

Relaterade publikationer

Inkluderade delarbeten:


Estimation of mass thickness response of embedded aggregated silica nanospheres from high angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron micrographs


From static micrographs to particle aggregation dynamics in three dimensions


Characterization of pore structure of polymer blended films used for controlled drug release


Examination

Datum: 2017-06-09
Tid: 10:15
Lokal: Pascal, Matematiska vetenskaper, Chalmers tvärgata 3, Göteborg
Opponent: Associate Professor Ute Hahn, Department of Mathematics, Aarhus University, Denmark

Ingår i serie

Doktorsavhandlingar vid Chalmers tekniska högskola. Ny serie 4250