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Gamma radiolysis of the highly selective ligands CyMe4BTBP and CyMe(4)BTPhen: Qualitative and quantitative investigation of radiolysis products

H. Schmidt ; A. Wilden ; G. Modolo ; D. Bosbach ; B. Santiago-Schubel ; M. Hupert ; J. Svehla ; B. Gruner ; Christian Ekberg (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Kärnkemi)
Atalante 2016 International Conference on Nuclear Chemistry for Sustainable Fuel Cycles (1876-6196). Vol. 21 (2016), p. 32-37.
[Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat]

The highly selective nitrogen donor ligands CyMe4BTBP and CyMe(4)BTPhen where gamma-irradiated under identical experimental conditions in 1-octanol with and without contact to nitric acid solution. Subsequently, solvent extraction experiments were carried out to evaluate the stability of the extractants against gamma-radiation monitoring Am(III) and Eu(III) distribution ratios. Generally, decreasing distribution ratios with increasing absorbed dose were detected for both molecules. Furthermore, qualitative mass spectrometric analyses were performed and ligand concentrations were determined by HPLC-DAD after irradiation to investigate the radiolysis mechanism. An exponential decrease with increasing absorbed dose was observed for both ligands with a faster rate for CyMe(4)BTPhen. Main radiolysis products indicated the addition of one or more diluent molecules (1-octanol) to the ligand via prior production of a-hydroxyoctyl radicals from diluent radiolysis. The addition of nitric acid during the irradiation lead to a remarkable stabilization of the system, as the extraction of Am(III) and Eu(III) did not change significantly over the whole examined dose range. Quantification of the remaining ligand concentration on the other hand showed decreasing concentrations with increasing absorbed dose. The stabilization of D values is therefore explained by the formation of 1-octanol addition products which are also able to extract the studied metal ions. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Nyckelord: N-donor ligands, gamma radiolysis, solvent extraction, mass spectrometry, CyMe4BTBP, CyMe4BTPhen



Denna post skapades 2017-05-15.
CPL Pubid: 249314

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Kärnkemi

Ämnesområden

Kärnkemi

Chalmers infrastruktur