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Surface Plasmon Resonance for Measuring Exocytosis from Populations of PC12 Cells: Mechanisms of Signal Formation and Assessment of Analytical Capabilities

Beatriz Moreira ; Jani Tuoriniemi ; N. K. Pour ; L. Mihalcikova ; Gulnara Safina (Institutionen för fysik, Biologisk fysik (Chalmers))
Analytical Chemistry (0003-2700). Vol. 89 (2017), 5, p. 3069-3077.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Because of cell to cell variation, it is difficult to obtain statistically significant data on the frequency of exocytosis events (R-exocytosis, t(-1) m(-2)) with traditional single cell electrophysiological or fluorescence microscopy based methods. Here we take the first steps toward a rapid cost-effective surface plasmon resonance (SPR) based method for measuring the R-exocytosis for populations of PC12 cells. The conditions for culturing confluent monolayers on the sensor slides were optimized, and neurotransmitter exocytosis was evoked by injecting solutions with elevated Exocytosis caused a shift of the resonance angle (Delta theta(r)) that was linearly proportional to R-exocytosis The Delta theta(r) was mainly due to elevated concentration of secretory vesicles close to the cell membrane. The increased vesicle concentration thus acted as a proxy for the Rexocytosis that could not be measured directly. The Delta theta(r) was calibrated for it R-exocytosis using single cell amperometry on parallel cell cultures. The cell populations were large enough for variation in responses between sensor slides to only reflect actual differences in biological condition. The applicability for drug screening is demonstrated by studying the effects of EGTA, reserpine, and prolonged stimulation by K+

Nyckelord: ADRENAL CHROMAFFIN CELLS, KISS-AND-RUN, REFRACTIVE-INDEX, DRUG, DISCOVERY, LIVING CELLS, DOPAMINE, SECRETION, TRANSPORT, VESICLES, RELEASE



Denna post skapades 2017-05-05.
CPL Pubid: 249117

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för fysik, Biologisk fysik (Chalmers)

Ämnesområden

Biokemi och molekylärbiologi

Chalmers infrastruktur