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Modelling the descent of nitric oxide during the elevated stratopause event of January 2013

Yvan J. Orsolini ; Varavut Limpasuvan ; Kristell Pérot (Institutionen för rymd- och geovetenskap, Global miljömätteknik och modellering) ; Patrick Espy ; Robert Hibbins ; Stefan Lossow ; Katarina Raaholt Larsson ; Donal P. Murtagh (Institutionen för rymd- och geovetenskap, Global miljömätteknik och modellering)
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics (1364-6826). Vol. 155 (2017), p. 50-61.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Using simulations with a whole-atmosphere chemistry-climate model nudged by meteorological analyses, global satellite observations of nitrogen oxide (NO) and water vapour by the Sub-Millimetre Radiometer instrument (SMR), of temperature by the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS), as well as local radar observations, this study examines the recent major stratospheric sudden warming accompanied by an elevated stratopause event (ESE) that occurred in January 2013. We examine dynamical processes during the ESE, including the role of planetary wave, gravity wave and tidal forcing on the initiation of the descent in the mesosphere-lower thermosphere (MLT) and its continuation throughout the mesosphere and stratosphere, as well as the impact of model eddy diffusion. We analyse the transport of NO and find the model underestimates the large descent of NO compared to SMR observations. We demonstrate that the discrepancy arises abruptly in the MLT region at a time when the resolved wave forcing and the planetary wave activity increase, just before the elevated stratopause reforms. The discrepancy persists despite doubling the model eddy diffusion. While the simulations reproduce an enhancement of the semi-diurnal tide following the onset of the 2013 SSW, corroborating new meteor radar observations at high northern latitudes over Trondheim (63.4°N), the modelled tidal contribution to the forcing of the mean meridional circulation and to the descent is a small portion of the resolved wave forcing, and lags it by about ten days.

Nyckelord: Gravity waves; Middle atmospheric circulation; Nitric oxide; Planetary waves; Stratospheric sudden warming



Denna post skapades 2017-03-03. Senast ändrad 2017-05-03.
CPL Pubid: 248413

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för rymd- och geovetenskap, Global miljömätteknik och modellering (2010-2017)

Ämnesområden

Klimatforskning

Chalmers infrastruktur

Onsala rymdobservatorium