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Corrosion of pre-oxidized nickel alloy X-750 in simulated BWR environment

Silvia Tuzi (Institutionen för fysik, Materialens mikrostruktur (Chalmers)) ; Haiping Lai (Institutionen för fysik, Materialens mikrostruktur (Chalmers)) ; Kenneth Göransson ; Mattias Thuvander (Institutionen för fysik, Materialens mikrostruktur (Chalmers)) ; Krystyna Stiller (Institutionen för fysik, Materialens mikrostruktur (Chalmers))
Journal of Nuclear Materials (00223115). Vol. 486 (2017), 1 April , p. 350-360.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Samples of pre-oxidized Alloy X-750 were exposed to a simulated boiling water reactor environment in an autoclave at a temperature of 286 °C and a pressure of 80 bar for four weeks. The effect of alloy iron content on corrosion was investigated by comparing samples with 5 and 8 wt% Fe, respectively. In addition, the effect of two different surface pre-treatments was investigated. The microstructure of the formed oxide scales was studied using mainly electron microscopy. The results showed positive effects of an increased Fe content and of removing the deformed surface layer by pickling. After four weeks of exposure the oxide scale consists of oxides formed in three different ways. The oxide formed during pre-oxidization at 700 °C, mainly consisting of chromia, is partly still present. There is also an outer oxide consisting of NiFe2O4 crystals, reaching a maximum size of 3 ?m, which has formed by precipitation of dissolved metal ions. Finally, there is an inner nanocrystalline and porous oxide, with a metallic content reflecting the alloy composition, which has formed by corrosion. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Nyckelord: Nickel; Oxidation; SEM; STEM; Superalloys; TEM

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Denna post skapades 2017-03-03. Senast ändrad 2017-05-08.
CPL Pubid: 248396


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