CPL - Chalmers Publication Library
| Utbildning | Forskning | Styrkeområden | Om Chalmers | In English In English Ej inloggad.

A binder-free sulfur/reduced graphene oxide aerogel as high performance electrode materials for lithium sulfur batteries

Florian Nitze (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Teknisk ytkemi) ; Marco Agostini (Institutionen för fysik, Kondenserade materiens fysik (Chalmers)) ; Filippa Lundin (Institutionen för fysik, Kondenserade materiens fysik (Chalmers)) ; Anders Palmqvist (Kompetenscentrum katalys (KCK) ; Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Teknisk ytkemi ; Institutionen för fysik, Kondenserade materiens fysik (Chalmers)) ; Aleksandar Matic (Institutionen för fysik, Kondenserade materiens fysik (Chalmers))
Scientific Reports (2045-2322). Vol. 6 (2016),
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Societies' increasing need for energy storage makes it necessary to explore new concepts beyond the traditional lithium ion battery. A promising candidate is the lithium-sulfur technology with the potential to increase the energy density of the battery by a factor of 3-5. However, so far the many problems with the lithium-sulfur system have not been solved satisfactory. Here we report on a new approach utilizing a self-standing reduced graphene oxide based aerogel directly as electrodes, i.e. without further processing and without the addition of binder or conducting agents. We can thereby disrupt the common paradigm of "no battery without binder" and can pave the way to a lithium-sulfur battery with a high practical energy density. The aerogels are synthesized via a one-pot method and consist of more than 2/3 sulfur, contained inside a porous few-layered reduced graphene oxide matrix. By combining the graphene-based aerogel cathode with an electrolyte and a lithium metal anode, we demonstrate a lithium-sulfur cell with high areal capacity (more than 3 mAh/cm(2) after 75 cycles), excellent capacity retention over 200 cycles and good sulfur utilization. Based on this performance we estimate that the energy density of this concept-cell can significantly exceed the Department of Energy (DEO) 2020-target set for transport applications.

Nyckelord: carbon aerogels, activated carbon, porous carbon, nanoparticles, cathode, stability, composite, nitrogen, porosity, storage, Science & Technology - Other Topics



Denna post skapades 2017-01-16. Senast ändrad 2017-06-29.
CPL Pubid: 247091

 

Läs direkt!

Lokal fulltext (fritt tillgänglig)

Länk till annan sajt (kan kräva inloggning)