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The Same Problem, the Same Approach to Solve and the Different Target for Solution – Toyota and Volvo Uddevalla

Hikari Nohara ; Uich Asao ; Eishi Fujita ; Masaki Fujita ; Tomas Engström (Institutionen för teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Logistik och transport) ; Lars Medbo (Institutionen för teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Logistik och transport) ; Lennart Nilsson
The 22nd International Gerpisa Colloquium, Paris (2014)
[Konferensbidrag, övrigt]

Since the end of 20th century, competition in the same markets among globalized auto companies has become more intense. Vehicles have mainly been manufactured in the country or region of sale. Competition in the same country or region therefore mainly means competition of production system efficiency. For this reason, we focus here on comparing various kinds of production systems. As you know it has become widely accepted in the mainstream that Toyota production system is the most up-to-date and efficient production system and Uddevalla 1989-1992 the converse. The latter is regarded as the out-of-date craftsman production system. However in our research we, joint co-authors from Japan and Sweden, have found quite interesting facts that contradict the mainstream view. We found that both Toyota and Volvo Uddevalla 1989-1992 faced the same shortage of young workers in the 1980s and took the same approach to solve it. This approach was work-focused improvement, and the concrete tools for solving it were four similar or identical work-focused devices. They were reintroduction of contextual meaning in operations, grouping of parts based on contextual meaning, kit systems based on parts grouping, and embedding various kinds of buffer in the line to absorb fluctuations in work pace. Therefore the functions of these four work-focused devices were very different because each had a different target. Firstly, the common characteristic of three of the work-focused devices, excluding buffers, was contextual meaning. However, this contextual meaning functioned differently at Toyota and Uddevalla 89-92. In the case of Toyota, its aim was to exclude Inner Dialogue in labor process and ensure a certain level of efficiency and work quality regardless of the worker's competence and attentiveness. It thus functions as a tool to create objective devices to achieve efficiency and work quality independent of a worker’s body and mind.


Författare från: Nagano University, Japan Aichi-Toho University, Japan Cyuko University, Japan Chalmers University of Technology; Sweden Gothenburg University, Sweden



Denna post skapades 2017-01-16. Senast ändrad 2017-04-13.
CPL Pubid: 247069

 

Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Logistik och transport (2005-2016)
Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik (GU)

Ämnesområden

Globaliseringsstudier

Chalmers infrastruktur