### Skapa referens, olika format (klipp och klistra)

**Harvard**

Abrahamsson, T. och Allemang, R. (2016) *What Is Normal About Normal Modes?*. New York : Springer

** BibTeX **

@conference{

Abrahamsson2016,

author={Abrahamsson, Thomas and Allemang, R. J.},

title={What Is Normal About Normal Modes?},

booktitle={Topics in Modal Analysis & Testing, Vol 10},

isbn={978-3-319-30249-2},

pages={97-110},

abstract={A normal mode of a vibrating system is a mode that is orthogonal to all other normal modes of that system. The orthogonality is in a weighted sense. For an undamped discretized linear mechanical system, the orthogonality is defined with respect to stiffness and mass such that normal modes are mutually stiffness and mass orthogonal. Another commonly used definition of an oscillating normal mode is that it is a pattern of motion in which all parts of the system vibrate harmonically with the same frequency and therefore with fixed relative phase relations between parts. The normality of a mode is thus not in a statistical sense. For lightly damped linear systems, a normal observation, i.e. one very common observation in the statistical sense, is that the phase relation between the motion of different parts of the system deviates very little from zero or pi. However, this normally occurring behavior should not lead us to think that that always has to be the case. Here it is shown by example that the normal modes of an undamped system may have arbitrary phase relations. One such mode of vibrationmay then possess the property of moving nodal lines, which is often attributed to non-proportionally damped or nonself-adjoint systems. The proper normalization of such modes is discussed and their relation to the well-known modal mass and MAC concepts and also to state-space based normalizations that are usually being used for complex-valued eigenmodes.},

publisher={Springer},

place={New York},

year={2016},

keywords={Normal mode, Vibrational mode, Undamped eigenmode, Repeated eigenvalues, Eigenmode orthogonality},

}

** RefWorks **

RT Conference Proceedings

SR Electronic

ID 243421

A1 Abrahamsson, Thomas

A1 Allemang, R. J.

T1 What Is Normal About Normal Modes?

YR 2016

T2 Topics in Modal Analysis & Testing, Vol 10

SN 978-3-319-30249-2

SP 97

AB A normal mode of a vibrating system is a mode that is orthogonal to all other normal modes of that system. The orthogonality is in a weighted sense. For an undamped discretized linear mechanical system, the orthogonality is defined with respect to stiffness and mass such that normal modes are mutually stiffness and mass orthogonal. Another commonly used definition of an oscillating normal mode is that it is a pattern of motion in which all parts of the system vibrate harmonically with the same frequency and therefore with fixed relative phase relations between parts. The normality of a mode is thus not in a statistical sense. For lightly damped linear systems, a normal observation, i.e. one very common observation in the statistical sense, is that the phase relation between the motion of different parts of the system deviates very little from zero or pi. However, this normally occurring behavior should not lead us to think that that always has to be the case. Here it is shown by example that the normal modes of an undamped system may have arbitrary phase relations. One such mode of vibrationmay then possess the property of moving nodal lines, which is often attributed to non-proportionally damped or nonself-adjoint systems. The proper normalization of such modes is discussed and their relation to the well-known modal mass and MAC concepts and also to state-space based normalizations that are usually being used for complex-valued eigenmodes.

PB Springer

LA eng

DO 10.1007/978-3-319-30249-2_7

LK http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-30249-2_7

OL 30