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Permeability of water and oleic acid in composite films of phase separated polypropylene and cellulose stearate blends

I. Krasnou ; Sofie Gårdebjer (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Farmaceutisk teknologi) ; E. Tarasova ; Anette Larsson (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Farmaceutisk teknologi) ; Gunnar Westman (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Organisk kemi) ; A. Krumme
Carbohydrate Polymers (0144-8617). Vol. 152 (2016), p. 450-458.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Cellulose esters with long carbon side chains (e.g. stearate) were produced via a homogenous reaction in ionic liquids. The degree of substitution was calculated to approximately 2. The melt rheology was studied for the pure cellulose esters but also combinations of the esters and polypropylene to study the processability of a blended composite material. It was shown that the compatibility between the two components was weak, which resulted in a phase-separated composite material. The morphology and permeability of water and oleic acid of the composite films were studied and it was shown that the water permeability decreased upon addition of the cellulose ester to the polymer. The permeability of oleic acid was however unchanged, which is most probable a result of high solubility in the cellulose ester rich domains of the composites. Also, the following hypothesis is stated: cellulose stearate influence the polypropylene crystallization process by decreasing the size of spherulites. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Nyckelord: Polypropylene, Cellulose stearate, Polymer blending, Permeability, Spherulites, ionic liquids, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, nanocomposites, polyethylene, derivatives, dispersion, acylation, esters, Chemistry, Polymer Science



Denna post skapades 2016-09-28.
CPL Pubid: 242455

 

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