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Charged particle dynamics in the presence of non-Gaussian Lévy electrostatic fluctuations

Sara Moradi ; Diego del-Castillo-Negrete ; Johan Anderson (Institutionen för rymd- och geovetenskap, Plasmafysik och fusionsenergi)
Physics of Plasmas (1070-664X). Vol. 23 (2016), 9,
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Full orbit dynamics of charged particles in a 3-dimensional helical magnetic field in the presence of a-stable Levy electrostatic fluctuations and linear friction modeling collisional Coulomb drag is studied via Monte Carlo numerical simulations. The Levy fluctuations are introduced to model the effect of non-local transport due to fractional diffusion in velocity space resulting from intermittent electrostatic turbulence. The probability distribution functions of energy, particle displacements, and Larmor radii are computed and showed to exhibit a transition from exponential decay, in the case of Gaussian fluctuations, to power law decay in the case of Levy fluctuations. The absolute value of the power law decay exponents is linearly proportional to the Levy index a. The observed anomalous non-Gaussian statistics of the particles’ Larmor radii (resulting from outlier transport events) indicate that, when electrostatic turbulent fluctuations exhibit non-Gaussian Levy statistics, gyro-averaging and guiding centre approximations might face limitations and full particle orbit effects should be taken into account.

Nyckelord: Langevin dynamics, Levy fluctuations



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Denna post skapades 2016-09-26. Senast ändrad 2016-11-16.
CPL Pubid: 242334

 

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