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Study of non-catalytic thermal decomposition of triglyceride at hydroprocessing condition

Shanmugam Palanisamy (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Teknisk ytkemi) ; Börje Gevert (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Teknisk ytkemi)
Applied Thermal Engineering (1359-4311). Vol. 107 (2016), p. 301-310.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Non-catalytic thermal decomposition of triglyceride is studied between 300 and 410 °C at 0.1 and 5 MPa in the presence of H2 or inert gas. This test is carried in tubular reactor filled with inert material (borosilicate glass pellet). The qualitative and analytical results showed that n-alkanes and alkenes with oxygenated olefins were primary products, consistent with thermal cracking to lighter hydrocarbons. The resulting outlet fuel gas obtained mainly from the radical reaction and had high concentration of CO, ethylene and methane. The decomposition forms a large number of radical compounds containing acids, aldehydes, ketones, aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbon groups. Lighter fraction contains mostly naphthenic group, and heavy fraction contains straight chain paraffinic hydrocarbons. When H2 partial pressure raised, the cracking of heavy fractions is low, and products contain low concentration of the lighter and gasoline fractions. Here, the thermal decomposition of triglyceride yields lighter fractions due to cracking, decarboxylation and decarbonylation.

Nyckelord: Cracking and radical reaction; Decarbonylation; Decarboxylation; Rapeseed oil; Thermal decomposition

Denna post skapades 2016-09-21. Senast ändrad 2016-10-07.
CPL Pubid: 242136


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Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Teknisk ytkemi


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