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Systematic Analysis Reveals that Cancer Mutations Converge on Deregulated Metabolism of Arachidonate and Xenobiotics

Francesco Gatto (Institutionen för biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi) ; A. Schulze ; Jens B. Nielsen (Institutionen för biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi)
Cell Reports (2211-1247). Vol. 16 (2016), 3, p. 878-895.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Mutations are the basis of the clonal evolution of most cancers. Nevertheless, a systematic analysis of whether mutations are selected in cancer because they lead to the deregulation of specific biological processes independent of the type of cancer is still lacking. In this study, we correlated the genome and transcriptome of 1,082 tumors. We found that nine commonly mutated genes correlated with substantial changes in gene expression, which primarily converged on metabolism. Further network analyses circumscribed the convergence to a network of reactions, termed AraX, that involves the glutathione- and oxygen-mediated metabolism of arachidonic acid and xenobiotics. In an independent cohort of 4,462 samples, all nine mutated genes were consistently correlated with the deregulation of AraX. Among all of the metabolic pathways, AraX deregulation represented the strongest predictor of patient survival. These findings suggest that oncogenic mutations drive a selection process that converges on the deregulation of the AraX network.

Nyckelord: gene-expression, cytochrome-p450 4x1, fatty-acids, genome, network, discovery, set, reductases, landscape, carcinoma



Denna post skapades 2016-09-07. Senast ändrad 2016-09-19.
CPL Pubid: 241439

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi

Ämnesområden

Cellbiologi

Chalmers infrastruktur