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Investigations of the Rear-End Flow Structures on a Sedan Car

Charlampos Kounenis ; Sabine Bonitz (Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system) ; Emil Ljungskog (Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system) ; David Sims-Williams ; Lennart Löfdahl (Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system) ; Alexander Broniewicz ; Lars Larsson (Institutionen för sjöfart och marin teknik, Marin teknik) ; Simone Sebben (Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system)
SAE Technical Papers: SAE 2016 World Congress and Exhibition; Detroit; United States; 12 April 2016 through 14 April 2016 (0148-7191). (2016)
[Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat]

The aerodynamic drag, fuel consumption and hence CO2 emissions, of a road vehicle depend strongly on its flow structures and the pressure drag generated. The rear end flow which is an area of complex three-dimensional flow structures, contributes to the wake development and the overall aerodynamic performance of the vehicle. This paper seeks to provide improved insight into this flow region to better inform future drag reduction strategies. Using experimental and numerical techniques, two vehicle shapes have been studied; a 30% scale model of a Volvo S60 representing a 2003MY vehicle and a full scale 2010MY S60. First the surface topology of the rear end (rear window and trunk deck) of both configurations is analysed, using paint to visualise the skin friction pattern. By means of critical points, the pattern is characterized and changes are identified studying the location and type of the occurring singularities. The flow field away from the surface is then analysed using PIV measurements and CFD for the scale model and CFD simulations for the full scale vehicle. The flow field is investigated regarding its singular points in cross-planes and the correlation between the patterns for the two geometries is analysed. Furthermore, it is discussed how the occurring structures can be described in more generalized terms to be able to compare different vehicle geometries regarding their flow field properties. The results show the extent to which detailed flow structures on similar but distinct vehicles are comparable; as well as providing insight into the complex 3D wake flow.

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Denna post skapades 2016-05-30. Senast ändrad 2017-09-14.
CPL Pubid: 237075


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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system (2010-2017)
Institutionen för sjöfart och marin teknik, Marin teknik (2015-2017)


Teknisk mekanik
Strömningsmekanik och akustik

Chalmers infrastruktur

C3SE/SNIC (Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering)