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Production of fatty acid-derived oleochemicals and biofuels by synthetic yeast cell factories

Yongjin Zhou (Institutionen för biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi) ; Nicolaas Buijs (Institutionen för biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi) ; Zhiwei Zhu (Institutionen för biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi) ; Jiufu Qin (Institutionen för biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi) ; Verena Siewers (Institutionen för biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi) ; Jens B. Nielsen (Institutionen för biologi och bioteknik, Systembiologi)
Nature Communications (2041-1723). Vol. 7 (2016), p. 11709.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Sustainable production of oleochemicals requires establishment of cell factory platform strains. The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an attractive cell factory as new strains can be rapidly implemented into existing infrastructures such as bioethanol production plants. Here we show high-level production of free fatty acids (FFAs) in a yeast cell factory, and the production of alkanes and fatty alcohols from its descendants. The engineered strain produces up to 10.4 g/L of FFAs, which is the highest reported titre to date. Furthermore, through screening of specific pathway enzymes, endogenous alcohol dehydrogenases and aldehyde reductases, we reconstruct efficient pathways for conversion of fatty acids to alkanes (0.8 mg /L) and fatty alcohols (1.5 g/L), to our knowledge the highest titres reported in S. cerevisiae. This should facilitate the construction of yeast cell factories for production of fatty acids derived products and even aldehyde-derived chemicals of high value.

Nyckelord: Yeast cell factories, Olechemicals, Fatty acid, Metabolic engineering

While yeast is an attractive alternative to bacteria for the production of biofuels it currently has low production yields. Here, the authors systematically engineer Saccharomyces cerevisiae for high-level production of fatty acids, alkanes and fatty alcohols, which are important fuel precursors.

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Denna post skapades 2016-05-26. Senast ändrad 2017-06-27.
CPL Pubid: 236945


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