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Characterizing Software Engineering Students’ Discussions during Peer Instruction: Opportunities for Learning and Implications for Teaching

Tom Adawi (Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för ingenjörsutbildningsvetenskap (EER)(Chalmers)) ; Håkan Burden ; Dennis Olsson ; Rickard Mattiasson
International journal of engineering education (0949-149X). Vol. 32 (2016), 2(B), p. 1-10.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Peer instruction is a method for activating students during lectures, which has gained a considerable amount of attention in higher education due to claims of dramatic improvement in learning gains. The purpose of this qualitative research study is to investigate what types of discussions engineering students engage in during a peer instruction session and what learning possibilities that are enabled by these different types of discussions. We observed twelve students during six separate and simulated peer instruction sessions and the students were interviewed individually after the sessions. An analysis of the data revealed that the students engaged in three qualitatively different types of discussions: affirmative discussions, motivating discussions, and argumentative discussions. We characterize these different types of discussions in terms of the number of alternative answers the students discuss, the extent to which they draw on prior knowledge and experiences, as well as the fundamental difference between an explanation and an argument. A good opportunity for learning is opened up when students are aspiring to find the truth, not simply being satisfied with what they believe to be true. We conclude that students do not always engage in discussions that support their learning in the best way, and we discuss implications for using peer instruction as a teaching method.

Nyckelord: peer instruction, learning possibilities, argumentation, software designs, UML diagrams

Denna post skapades 2016-04-29. Senast ändrad 2016-07-07.
CPL Pubid: 235660


Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för ingenjörsutbildningsvetenskap (EER)(Chalmers)
Institutionen för pedagogik, kommunikation och lärande (GU)


Data- och systemvetenskap
Pedagogiskt arbete
Subject didactics

Chalmers infrastruktur