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LOFAR Facet Calibration

R. J. van Weeren ; W. L. Williams ; M. J. Hardcastle ; T. W. Shimwell ; D. A. Rafferty ; J. Sabater ; G. Heald ; S. S. Sridhar ; T. J. Dijkema ; G. Brunetti ; M. Bruggen ; F. Andrade-Santos ; G. A. Ogrean ; H. J. A. Rottgering ; W. A. Dawson ; W. R. Forman ; F. De Gasperin ; C. Jones ; U. K. Miley ; L. Rudnick ; C. L. Sarazin ; A. Bonafede ; P. N. Best ; L. Birzan ; R. Cassano ; K. T. Chyzy ; J. H. Croston ; T. Ensslin ; C. Ferrari ; M. Hoeft ; Cathy Horellou (Institutionen för rymd- och geovetenskap, Radioastronomi och astrofysik) ; M. J. Jarvis ; R. P. Kraft ; M. Mevius ; H. T. Intema ; S. S. Murray ; E. Orru ; R. Pizzo ; A. Simionescu ; A. Stroe ; S. van der Tol ; G. J. White
Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series (0067-0049). Vol. 223 (2016), 1,
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

LOFAR, the Low-Frequency Array, is a powerful new radio telescope operating between 10 and 240 MHz. LOFAR allows detailed sensitive high-resolution studies of the low-frequency radio sky. At the same time LOFAR also provides excellent short baseline coverage to map diffuse extended emission. However, producing highquality deep images is challenging due to the presence of direction-dependent calibration errors, caused by imperfect knowledge of the station beam shapes and the ionosphere. Furthermore, the large data volume and presence of station clock errors present additional difficulties. In this paper we present a new calibration scheme, which we name facet calibration, to obtain deep high-resolution LOFAR High Band Antenna images using the Dutch part of the array. This scheme solves and corrects the direction-dependent errors in a number of facets that cover the observed field of view. Facet calibration provides close to thermal noise limited images for a typical 8 hr observing run at similar to 5. resolution, meeting the specifications of the LOFAR Tier-1 northern survey.

Nyckelord: techniques: interferometric, radio interferometric calibration, wide-field, gain calibration, self-calibration, w-projection, sky survey, algorithm, astronomy, system

Denna post skapades 2016-04-29. Senast ändrad 2017-01-27.
CPL Pubid: 235611


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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för rymd- och geovetenskap, Radioastronomi och astrofysik (2010-2017)


Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi

Chalmers infrastruktur