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Lithium-Ion Battery Aspects on Fires in Electrified Vehicles on the Basis of Experimental Abuse Tests

Fredrik Larsson (Institutionen för fysik, Subatomär fysik och plasmafysik (Chalmers)) ; Petra Andersson ; Bengt-Erik Mellander (Institutionen för fysik, Subatomär fysik och plasmafysik (Chalmers))
Batteries (2313-0105). Vol. 2 (2016), 9,
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Safety issues concerning the use of large lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries in electrified vehicles are discussed based on the abuse test results of Li-ion cells together with safety devices for cells. The presented abuse tests are: overcharge, short circuit, propane fire test and external heating test (oven). It was found that in a fire, cells with higher state of charge (SOC) gave a higher heat release rate (HRR), while the total heat release (THR) had a lower correlation with SOC. One fire test resulted in a hazardous projectile from a cylindrical cell. In the fire tests, toxic gas emissions of hydrogen fluoride (HF) were measured for 100%, 50% and 0% SOC.

Nyckelord: lithium-ion (Li-ion); battery; electrified vehicle; safety; thermal runaway; fire; hydrogen

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Denna post skapades 2016-04-13. Senast ändrad 2017-08-08.
CPL Pubid: 234622


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