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Proton-conducting electrolytes for direct methanol and direct urea fuel cells - A state-of-the-art review

N. Radenahmad ; A. Afif ; P. I. Petra ; Seikh Rahman (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi) ; Sten G. Eriksson (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi) ; A. K. Azad
Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews (1364-0321). Vol. 57 (2016), p. 1347-1358.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

This review focuses on the protonicisuperprotonic electrolytes used for application in direct methanol and direct urea/urine fuel cells. Since, methanol has. high energy density, which is essential for portable direct methanol fuel cells, and is simpler to store and transport than conventional hydrogen as fuel. However, methanol is not readily available, which makes waste an attractive option as a fuel source, resulting in the development of direct urea fuel cells. Fuel cells that use waste that contains hydrogen, like waste water or urine, are attractive because of their potential to generate energy from low-cost, abundant sources.

Nyckelord: Proton conductivity, Protonic electrolyte, Direct methanol fuel cell, Direct urea fuel cell, high-temperature phase, doped barium cerate, hydrogen-production, superprotonic conductivity, composite electrolyte, thermal-behavior, alkaline-medium, ionic glasses, performance, transition

Denna post skapades 2016-03-16.
CPL Pubid: 233292


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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Oorganisk miljökemi



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