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Command and Control of Unmanned Vessels: Keeping Shore Based Operators in-the-Loop

Scott MacKinnon (Institutionen för sjöfart och marin teknik, Maritime Human Factors och Nautik) ; Yemao Man (Institutionen för sjöfart och marin teknik, Maritime Human Factors och Nautik) ; Monica Lundh (Institutionen för sjöfart och marin teknik, Maritime Human Factors och Nautik) ; Thomas Porathe (Institutionen för sjöfart och marin teknik, Maritime Human Factors och Nautik)
18th International Conference on Ships and Shipping Research (2015)
[Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat]

Future developments specific to the sustainability of the global shipping and transportation industries need to be revolutionary; whether pressured by economic survival or a result of a natural evolution driven by socio-technical realities. Concepts regarding E-navigation and unmanned vessels are only several technological solutions away from operational realities. Conventional thinking suggests that we augment operator decision making with artificially intelligent support systems. Whether these technologies keep the operator “in-the-loop” or diminish overall situation awareness remains to be seen and is dependent upon the quality and robustness of the Human-Machine-Interface (HMI) to monitor and control the automation systems. Automation of a control system, notwithstanding best of the developer(s)’ intentions, is not fail-proof. A sudden failure of a highly complex system, whose “artificial intelligence” is not transparent to the operator, may prove beyond the cognitive means of a highly stressed (cognitive overloaded) operator to troubleshoot the situation and recover on time. This paper examines the state of operator situation awareness in monitoring several vessels as part of a Shore-based Control Centre, the hub of an autonomous, unmanned vessel concept.

Nyckelord: Situation Awarenss, Shore Control Center, Decision Making



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Denna post skapades 2016-02-10. Senast ändrad 2016-05-19.
CPL Pubid: 231913