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Towards a social‐ecological urban morphology: integrating urban form and landscape ecology

Lars Marcus (Institutionen för arkitektur) ; Meta Berghauser Pont (Institutionen för arkitektur)
Proceedings of the 22nd ISUF conference (2015)
[Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat]

In recent years there has been an increasing interest in the green areas of cites. The reasons are several but generally relate to the urgent need to redirect our cities into more sustainable trajectories. Of special importance here is the shift towards greater emphasis on biodiversity and  urban  ecosystems  rather  than  climate  change  and  technological  systems  for  energy,  waste and transport. This creates new demands for a deeper understanding of the morphology of green areas in cities in their own right as ecological environments and not only by way of park typologies as often traditionally has been the case in urban morphology. Such spatial morphology of natural landscapes is already a developed field and essential part of landscape ecology (Forman & Godron 1986). However, there is no natural overlap between the two fields of spatial morphology in landscape ecology and urban morphology why they are  not  naturally  integrated  to  each  other.  In  this  paper  first  steps  are  taken  towards  an  integrated social–ecological urban morphology based on current developments in each field. The  development  of  such  a  joint  morphology  has  the  aim  of  informing  and  supporting  research as well as practice in the new endeavour towards functional ecosystems in cities. More  specifically,  the  aim  is  to  integrate  essential  concepts  in  landscape  ecology  such  as  patches, matrix and fragmentation (Alberti 2008) with essential variables in urban morphology such as distance, density and diversity. The aim is here also to set this within a framework  of  network  analysis  as  specifically  developed  in  space  syntax  (Hillier&  Hanson  1984; Hillier 1996). The empirical support will be taken from the point of view of ecosystem services in cities, more particularly pollination (Marcus, Berghauser Pont, Gren 2013).

Nyckelord: Urban form, landscape ecology, performativity, sustainability, social‐ecological urbanism



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Denna post skapades 2016-01-08.
CPL Pubid: 230216

 

Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för arkitektur

Ämnesområden

Building Futures
Hållbar utveckling
Samhällsbyggnadsteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur