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Copper Recovery from Polluted Soils Using Acidic Washing and Bioelectrochemical Systems

Karin Karlfeldt Fedje (Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik ; FRIST kompetenscentrum ) ; Oskar Modin (Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik) ; Ann-Margret Strömvall (Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Vatten Miljö Teknik ; FRIST kompetenscentrum )
Metals (2075-4701). Vol. 5 (2015), 3, p. 1328-1348.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Excavation followed by landfilling is the most common method for treating soils contaminated by metals. However, as this solution is not sustainable, alternative techniques are required. Chemical soil washing is one such alternative. The aim of this experimental lab-scale study is to develop a remediation and metal recovery method for Cu contaminated sites. The method is based on the washing of soil or ash (combusted soil/bark) with acidic waste liquids followed by electrolytic Cu recovery by means of bioelectrochemical systems (BES). The results demonstrate that a one- or two-step acidic leaching process followed by water washing removes >80 wt. % of the Cu. Copper with 99.7-99.9 wt. % purity was recovered from the acidic leachates using BES. In all experiments, electrical power was generated during the reduction of Cu. This clearly indicates that Cu can also be recovered from dilute solutions. Additionally, the method has the potential to wash co-pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and oxy-PAHs.

Nyckelord: soil washing, Cu, PAH, soil remediation, metal recovery, microbial fuel cell

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Denna post skapades 2015-12-08. Senast ändrad 2016-02-01.
CPL Pubid: 227664


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