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Enclosures in West Pokot, Kenya: Transforming land, livestock and livelihoods in drylands

Gert Nyberg ; Per Knutsson ; Madelene Ostwald (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori) ; Ingrid Öborn ; Ewa Wredle ; David Jakinda Otieno ; Stephen Mureithi ; Peter Mwangi ; Muhammed Said ; Magnus Jirström ; Antonia Grönwall ; Julia Wernersson ; Sara Svanlund ; Laura Saxer ; Lotje Geutjes ; Vera Karmebäck ; John Wairore ; Regina Wambui ; Jan De Leeuw ; Anders Malmer
Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice (2041-7128). Vol. 5 (2015), 25,
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Dryland livestock production systems are changing in many parts of the world, as a result of growing human populations and associated pressure on water and land. Based on a combination of social and natural science methods, we studied a 30-year transformation process from pastoralism to a livestock-based agro-pastoral system in northwestern Kenya, with the overall aim to increase the understanding of the ongoing transition towards intensified agro-pastoralist production systems in dryland East Africa. Key to this transformation was the use of enclosures for land rehabilitation, fodder production, and land and livestock management. Enclosures have more soil carbon and a higher vegetation cover than adjacent areas with open grazing. The level of adoption of enclosures as a management tool has been very high, and their use has enabled agricultural diversification, e.g. increased crop agriculture, poultry production and the inclusion of improved livestock. Following the use of enclosures, livelihoods have become less dependent on livestock migration, are increasingly directed towards agribusinesses and present new opportunities and constraints for women. These livelihood changes are closely associated with, and depend on, an ongoing privatization of land under different tenure regimes. The results indicate that the observed transformation provides opportunities for a pathway towards a sustainable livestock-based agro-pastoral system that could be valid in many dryland areas in East Africa. However, we also show that emergent risks of conflicts and inequalities in relation to land, triggered by the weakening of collective property rights, pose a threat to the sustainability of this pathway.

Nyckelord: Enclosure; Transformation; Land use; Livestock; Livelihood; Intensification; Agro-pastoralism; Kenya


Triple L (Land, Livestock and Livelihood, www.triplel.se) is a research for development platform with focus on transformation of East African drylands and was initiated 2013. Triple L consists of national and international researchers, local authorities, development workers (NGO), farmer representatives and extensionists (field advisors), and the platform has organized stakeholder workshops, field visits, capacity development and initiated students’ research projects. This paper is a result of the Triple L workshops and research projects carried out in West Pokot 2013 to 2014. http://www.pastoralismjournal.com/content/5/1/25



Denna post skapades 2015-12-08. Senast ändrad 2015-12-09.
CPL Pubid: 227531

 

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Institutionen för globala studier (GU)
Institutionen för energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori

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Miljö- och naturvårdsvetenskap
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