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Acid hydrolysis of cellulosic fibres: Comparison of bleached kraft pulp, dissolving pulps and cotton textile cellulose

Anna Palme (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Skogsindustriell kemiteknik) ; Hans Theliander (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Skogsindustriell kemiteknik) ; Harald Brelid
Carbohydrate Polymers (0144-8617). Vol. 136 (2016), p. 1281–1287.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

The behaviour of different cellulosic fibres during acid hydrolysis has been investigated and the levelling-off degree of polymerisation (LODP) has been determined. The study included a bleached kraft pulp (both never-dried and once-dried) and two dissolving pulps (once-dried). Additionally, cotton cellulose from new cotton sheets and sheets discarded after long-time use was studied. Experimental results from the investigation, together with results found in literature, imply that ultrastructural differences between different fibres affect their susceptibility towards acid hydrolysis. Drying of a bleached kraft pulp was found to enhance the rate of acid hydrolysis and also result in a decrease in LODP. This implies that the susceptibility of cellulosic fibres towards acid hydrolysis is affected by drying-induced stresses in the cellulose chains. In cotton cellulose, it was found that use and laundering gave a substantial loss in the degree of polymerisation (DP), but that the LODP was only marginally affected.

Nyckelord: Cotton; Dissolving pulp; Kraft pulp; Acid hydrolysis; LODP; Hornification



Denna post skapades 2015-10-26. Senast ändrad 2016-01-20.
CPL Pubid: 224778

 

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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Skogsindustriell kemiteknik

Ämnesområden

Hållbar utveckling
Kemiteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur

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