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Reclaiming rare earth elements from end-of-life products: A review of the perspectives for urban mining using hydrometallurgical unit operations

Cristian Tunsu (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Industriell materialåtervinning) ; Martina Petranikova (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Kärnkemi) ; Marino Gergorić (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Kärnkemi) ; Christian Ekberg (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Kärnkemi) ; Teodora Retegan (Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik, Kärnkemi)
Hydrometallurgy (0304-386X). Vol. 156 (2015), p. 239-258.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

Due to their large variety of applications, their low supply and high demand, the rare earth elements (REEs) are presently viewed as being among the most critical chemical elements. Because of this, their potential recovery from end-of-life waste products has been extensively discussed both in society and in the scientific literature. This concept of recovering elements contained in end-of-life products, known as urban mining, is regarded as an important step in achieving a sustainable, circular society. This review article discusses the perspectives of reclaiming the REEs from various waste streams using hydrometallurgical methods. Three main streams are discussed in detail (phosphor-containing products, NiMH batteries and permanent magnets), touching on the state-of-the-art of material pre-treatment, leaching and separation of REEs and refining. Comparisons with the extraction of REEs from ores are drawn, bringing forth both the advantages and some of the disadvantages of urban mining.

Nyckelord: Hydrometallurgy, Rare earth elements, Recycling, Urban mining, Waste processing

Article number 4111

Denna post skapades 2015-09-16. Senast ändrad 2017-09-14.
CPL Pubid: 222572


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