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Flow is Not Enough: Understanding the Needs of Advanced Amateur Runners to Design Motivation Technology

Kristina Knaving ; Pawel W. Wozniak (Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi, Interaktionsdesign (Chalmers)) ; Morten Fjeld (Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi, Interaktionsdesign (Chalmers)) ; Staffan Björk
Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI '15) p. 10. (2015)
[Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat]

Motivation studies on running are often focused on how to convince non-runners to run, mainly through designing for extrinsic motivations such as health concerns or external reward systems. In contrast, we conducted a structured inquiry into understanding how to design technology for those whom are already committed to running and participate in organized races. Through interviews, focus groups, ethnographic observation, questionnaires, and design-based research over the course of two years, we investigated the needs of the advanced amateur runner community. An analysis of the gathered data led to five design themes – Festival, Competition, Practicalities, Togetherness, and Support – to inform future runner motivation technology. While flow theory appears to be a convenient tool to understand support during a race, we observed a number of other factors that need to be considered. Through combining the themes with previous research, we conclude by presenting nine guidelines for designing technology for this domain.

Nyckelord: motivation, design, runners

Denna post skapades 2015-08-26. Senast ändrad 2016-06-28.
CPL Pubid: 221236


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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi (GU) (GU)
Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi, Interaktionsdesign (Chalmers) (2011-2017)


Människa-datorinteraktion (interaktionsdesign)

Chalmers infrastruktur

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Beyond Gadgetry: Reflections on Tech- and User-Driven Research in Human-Computer Interaction