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Dynamic modelling and analysis of the potential for waste heat recovery on Diesel engine driven applications with a cyclical operational profile

Francesco Baldi (Institutionen för sjöfart och marin teknik, Maritim miljö och energisystem) ; Stephanie Lacour ; Quintan Danel ; Ulrik Larsen (Institutionen för sjöfart och marin teknik)
Proceedings of ECOS 2015 - The 28th international conference on efficiency, cost, optimisation, simulation and environmental impact of energy systems (2015)
[Konferensbidrag, refereegranskat]

As the world faces the challenge of the need for decreasing the anthropogenic carbon footprint, the continuous economic growth puts additional stress on the need for increased energy systems efficiency. In this context, waste heat recovery is identified as one of the most viable solutions for reducing the fuel consumption of existing systems in transportation. In this paper, we present an analysis of the potential of a waste heat recovery system applied to Diesel engine-driven systems where the operational cycle is dynamic but reducible to a limited number of operational modes. The analysis is applied to a case study for which this operational pattern is of particular relevance: a machine for sugar beet harvesting. The existence of periodical low-load periods forces to bypass the waste heat recovery turbine to avoid water condensation during the expansion. Hence, we propose the use of a thermal inertia to keep the required level of steam superheating during low-load periods. The results of the study showed an improvement of 27% in the recoverable exergy of the flow at the heat exchanger cold outlet when the heat exchanger wall thickness was increased from 0.5 mm to 2.5 mm. The results also show that a limited amount of the overall heat exchange inertia contributes to such improvement.

Nyckelord: Waste heat recovery; Diesel engines; dynamic modelling; agricultural machines



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Denna post skapades 2015-07-07. Senast ändrad 2016-09-21.
CPL Pubid: 219581