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Using Fluorescence as Control Parameter to Decide Optimal Light Spectrum for Plant Growth

Linnéa Ahlman (Institutionen för signaler och system) ; Daniel Bånkestad ; Torsten Wik (Institutionen för signaler och system, Reglerteknik)
Proceedings 19th Nordic Process Control Workshop, Hurtigruta, Norway, Jan 2015 p. 9:1-4.. (2015)
[Konferensbidrag, övrigt]

Modern greenhouses having lighting systems are large consumers of electricity. In Europe alone, the lighting consumption is estimated to 150 TWh per year. High pressure sodium (HPS) lamps are still dominating and the illumination is in general controlled manually by on/off control. Changing to light emitting diodes (LED) gives the possibility of adapting the spectrum (i.e. changing the power split to diodes of different colours) and to gradually changing the intensity, which implies an energy saving potential. The optimal spectrum might depend on a number of factors, for example plant species, required characteristics and energy use effciency on the diodes. Using LEDs with different blue to red (B:R) ratios, as a supplement to sunlight, have been investigated for growing of cucumber seedling [Hernández and Kubota, 2014] and tomato seedling [Hernández and Kubota, 2012]. Their conclusion was that 100% red LED is preferred, indicating that the blue light in the sunlight is sufficient (B:R in sunlight is about 4:3 on photons=m2=s basis [ASTM, 2012].



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Denna post skapades 2015-03-21. Senast ändrad 2015-05-08.
CPL Pubid: 214128