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High-contrast gratings for WDM VCSEL arrays

Erik Haglund (Institutionen för mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap, Fotonik) ; Johan S. Gustavsson (Institutionen för mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap, Fotonik) ; Åsa Haglund (Institutionen för mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap, Fotonik) ; Jörgen Bengtsson (Institutionen för mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap, Fotonik) ; Anders Larsson (Institutionen för mikroteknologi och nanovetenskap, Fotonik)
Optics & Photonics in Sweden, 11-12 Nov. 2014, Göteborg (2014)
[Konferensbidrag, poster]

Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) have become the workhorse of short-reach optical interconnects in datacenters and supercomputers. The last few years have seen an impressive increase in VCSEL modulation bandwidth, enabling record-high single-channel data rates exceeding 60 Gbit/s [1]. In addition to higher single-channel rates, interconnect capacity may be enhanced by employing multiplexing techniques such coarse wavelength division multiplexing (WDM). WDM VCSEL arrays can be designed using a high-contrast grating (HCG) as top mirror instead of a distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) [2]. The HCG consists of a subwavelength grating of high refractive index material (GaAs) surrounded by low refractive index material (air), see figure 1. The result is a thin, broad-band and highly reflective mirror. The reflection from the HCG has a varying phase depending on grating geometry. This can be used to set the HCG-VCSEL wavelength in a post-growth process by fabricating gratings with different period and duty-cycle. A first proof of concept has been realized and HCG-VCSELs showing resonances covering a span exceeding 20 nm have been demonstrated. Figure 1: Top: schematic figure of HCG-VCSEL array. Left: Top and cross-sectional SEM image of HCG. Right: Simulated and experimental HCG-VCSEL resonance wavelength for different duty cycles and periods (p) measured by electroluminescence. References [1] D. Kuchta et al., “64Gb/s Transmission over 57m MMF using an NRZ Modulated 850nm VCSEL,” OFC 2014 [2] V. Karagodsky et al., “Monolithically integrated multi-wavelength VCSEL arrays using high-contrast gratings,” Opt. Express, 18(2), 2010

Nyckelord: VCSEL, optical interconnect, high-contrast grating, HCG, WDM

Denna post skapades 2015-01-09. Senast ändrad 2016-04-11.
CPL Pubid: 210399