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Användning och återvinning av potentiellt kritiska material. Kunskapsöversikt

Maria Ljunggren Söderman (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Miljösystemanalys) ; Emilia Ingemarsdotter
Göteborg : Chalmers University of Technology, 2014. - 82 s.
[Rapport]

This study provides input to a study which maps and analyzes the mining and recycling potential of various metal and mineral resources in Sweden, conducted by Geological survey of Sweden (SGU) and the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA) on behalf of the Swedish government. Based on a literature review, a compilation of existing knowledge in two areas is presented: (1) the use of candidate materials in products and industries, and (2) current recycling opportunities of candidate materials. It includes 41 of the materials shortlisted as candidates for Sweden by SGU and the SEPA, i.e. materials that may become pointed out as critical. In most cases, the compilation accounts for current use and recycling on a global average since only such information is publicly available. Candidate materials are used in many areas already today, and not just in high-tech products with growing markets, such as electric cars, wind power and solar cells. Systematic identification requires detailed insight into many sectors of industry, manufacturing processes and product categories, variants of these and how they change over time. In some rare cases, detailed information is publicly available. Therefore, we present briefly the extent of current use of each of the 41 materials in 24 different use areas (products and industries). A few examples of the material use in weight per product are provided: electrical and electronic products and cars. Recycling opportunities differ between candidate materials, but, for different reasons, also between different products that contain the same candidate material. Therefore, recycling rates for each of the use areas are presented. The focus of the study is on recycling of candidate materials from consumption waste, but production waste is also addressed as the opportunities often differ significantly. There is currently little information on many of the candidate materials, but there is a growing interest in these materials and issues related to them. More knowledge would increase the opportunities to take informed decisions on the efforts required to make use of the currently unrecovered material resources in discarded products in society.

Nyckelord: critical materials, scarce metals, product content, recycling, recycling rates,critical materials, scarce metals, product content, recycling, recycling rates



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Denna post skapades 2014-11-28. Senast ändrad 2016-09-27.
CPL Pubid: 206808