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Comparing and validating models of driver steering behaviour in collision avoidance and vehicle stabilisation

Gustav Markkula (Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system) ; Ola Benderius (Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system) ; Mattias Wahde (Institutionen för tillämpad mekanik, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system)
Vehicle System Dynamics (0042-3114). Vol. 52 (2014), 12, p. 1658-1680.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

A number of driver models were fitted to a large data set of human truck driving, from a simulated near-crash, low-friction scenario, yielding two main insights: steering to avoid a collision was best described as an open-loop manoeuvre of predetermined duration, but with situation-adapted amplitude, and subsequent vehicle stabilisation could to a large extent be accounted for by a simple yaw rate nulling control law. These two phenomena, which could be hypothesised to generalise to passenger car driving, were found to determine the ability of four driver models adopted from the literature to fit the human data. Based on the obtained results, it is argued that the concept of internal vehicle models may be less valuable when modelling driver behaviour in non-routine situations such as near-crashes, where behaviour may be better described as direct responses to salient perceptual cues. Some methodological issues in comparing and validating driver models are also discussed.

Nyckelord: driver models, steering, collision avoidance, low friction, driving experience, electronic stability control



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Denna post skapades 2014-11-13. Senast ändrad 2015-07-28.
CPL Pubid: 205692

 

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