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Chemical-Looping Combustion with Fuel Oil in a 10 kW Pilot Plant

Patrick Moldenhauer (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik) ; Magnus Rydén (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik) ; Tobias Mattisson (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik) ; Ali Hoteit ; Aqil Jamal ; Anders Lyngfelt (Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik)
Energy & Fuels (0887-0624). Vol. 28 (2014), 9, p. 5978-5987.
[Artikel, refereegranskad vetenskaplig]

A fuel reactor with a fuel-injection system for liquid fuels was designed and built for a chemical-looping reactor system with the nominal fuel input of 10 kWth. The gas velocities in the riser section and at the gas-distribution nozzles of this unit are comparable to those of industrial circulating fluidized-bed boilers. Proof-of-concept experiments were performed with a calcium manganite-based oxygen carrier and a fuel oil with low sulfur content. Fuel conversion was high but not complete, and most of the fuel carbon was converted to CO2 in the fuel reactor. Long-term experiments were performed using an ilmenite oxygen-carrier. The oxygen carrier was exposed to fluidization at hot conditions (more than 600°C) for about 204 h, out of which fuel was injected during a total of 66.6 h. The parameters temperature, fuel flow, steam flow in the fuel reactor, fluidization medium in the fuel reactor, and air flow in the air reactor were varied to observe trends in fuel conversion. Most of the experiments were carried out with a fuel flow corresponding to 4 kWth and an oxygen carrier-to-fuel ratio of about 2100 kg/MWth. At 1050°C the fuel could be oxidized to about 87%, and up to 88% of all carbon leaving the fuel reactor was in the form of CO2. No defluidization or agglomeration problems were experienced over the course of the experimental campaign.

Nyckelord: chemical-looping combustion (CLC); liquid fuel; fuel oil; ilmenite; calcium manganite; CO2 capture; carbon capture and storage (CCS)



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Denna post skapades 2014-09-21. Senast ändrad 2016-04-28.
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Institutioner (Chalmers)

Institutionen för energi och miljö, Energiteknik (2005-2017)

Ämnesområden

Energi
Hållbar utveckling
Termisk energiteknik
Kemisk energiteknik

Chalmers infrastruktur

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Chemical-Looping Combustion with Liquid Fuel